Proctology at Lotus Diagnostic Centre
Proctology is a branch of medicine that deals with the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disorders related to the rectum, anus, and colon. The field of proctology has been in existence for centuries, with the earliest recorded proctological treatments dating back to ancient Egypt. Today, proctology continues to play a vital role in diagnosing and treating a variety of conditions, ranging from the mild to the severe.
Why Choose Us?
Lotus Polyclinic has an expert panel of proctology experts with years of experience in the speciality. The clinic is equipped with its own diagnostic centre with state of art equipment. Our services include an in-house diagnostic lab, imaging services including X-rays, ultrasounds and consultations across 20+ specialities. Our patients experience seamless services while seeking consultation, getting tests or scans done and availing their treatment protocols.
Why Should You See a Proctologist?
Proctology deals with a variety of issues, including conditions that affect the anus, rectum, and colon. Some of the most common proctological issues include:
Hemorrhoids: Hemorrhoids are a common proctological condition that affects millions of people worldwide. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum that can cause discomfort, pain, and bleeding. Hemorrhoids can be classified into two types: internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are located inside the rectum and are usually painless. External hemorrhoids, on the other hand, are located outside the anus and can be painful.
Anal Fissures: Anal fissures are tears in the lining of the anus that can cause pain, itching, and bleeding. Anal fissures are usually caused by constipation or passing hard stools. They can also be caused by certain medical conditions such as Crohn’s disease.
Fistulas: Fistulas are abnormal connections that form between the anus and other structures in the body. Fistulas can be caused by infection or inflammation and can lead to pain, swelling, and discharge.
Rectal Prolapse: Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum protrudes outside the anus. This can be caused by weakening of the muscles and ligaments that support the rectum. Rectal prolapse can cause discomfort, pain, and difficulty with bowel movements.
Anal Abscesses: Anal abscesses are collections of pus that form in the tissues around the anus. Anal abscesses can cause pain, swelling, and fever.
Colon Cancer: Colon cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in the colon or rectum. Colon cancer is a serious condition that can cause a variety of symptoms, including changes in bowel habits, rectal bleeding, abdominal pain, and weight loss.
How Can a Proctologist Help You?
Proctologists use a variety of techniques to diagnose and treat proctological issues. Some of the most common solutions include:
Lifestyle Changes: For mild proctological issues such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and rectal prolapse, lifestyle changes may be enough to alleviate symptoms. These changes may include eating a high-fiber diet, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding straining during bowel movements.
Medications: Proctologists may prescribe medications to relieve symptoms of proctological issues. These medications may include topical creams, ointments, and suppositories. In some cases, oral medications may also be prescribed.
Minimally Invasive Procedures: For more severe proctological issues, minimally invasive procedures may be necessary. These procedures include rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, and infrared coagulation. These procedures can be performed in an outpatient setting and require little to no recovery time.
Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat proctological issues. Surgery may be recommended for conditions such as anal fistulas, rectal prolapse, and colon cancer. Surgery may involve removing the affected tissue or repairing the affected area.
Screening: Proctologists may recommend screening for certain proctological issues, such as colon cancer. Screening may involve a colonoscopy, which is a procedure that allows the proctologist to examine the colon and identify any abnormalities or growths.
Laser Therapy: Laser therapy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses laser energy to treat proctological issues. Laser therapy can be used to treat conditions such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and anal abscesses. Laser therapy is a safe and effective treatment option that can provide relief from symptoms with minimal side effects.
Radiofrequency Ablation: Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that uses radiofrequency energy to treat proctological issues. Radiofrequency ablation can be used to treat conditions such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, and anal abscesses. Radiofrequency ablation is a safe and effective treatment option that can provide relief from symptoms with minimal side effects.
Botox Injection: Botox injection is a minimally invasive procedure that can be used to treat anal fissures. Botox injection involves injecting a small amount of botulinum toxin into the muscles around the anus. Botulinum toxin helps to relax the muscles and reduce pain associated with anal fissures.
Colostomy: Colostomy is a surgical procedure that may be necessary for patients with severe proctological issues, such as colon cancer. Colostomy involves creating an opening in the abdomen and attaching a bag to collect waste. Colostomy may be temporary or permanent, depending on the underlying condition.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is a treatment option for patients with colon cancer. Chemotherapy involves using drugs to kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy may be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as surgery and radiation therapy.
Prevention of Proctological Issues
Many proctological issues can be prevented with simple lifestyle changes. Some tips for preventing proctological issues include:
Eating a High-Fiber Diet: Eating a diet rich in fiber can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of developing hemorrhoids and anal fissures. High-fiber foods include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans.
Drinking Plenty of Water: Drinking plenty of water can help prevent constipation and reduce the risk of developing hemorrhoids and anal fissures. Aim to drink at least eight glasses of water per day.
Exercising Regularly: Regular exercise can help promote bowel regularity and reduce the risk of developing hemorrhoids and anal fissures. Aim to exercise for at least 30 minutes per day, five days per week.
Avoiding Straining During Bowel Movements: Straining during bowel movements can increase the risk of developing hemorrhoids and anal fissures. To avoid straining, make sure to eat a high-fiber diet, drink plenty of water, and exercise regularly.
Screening for Colon Cancer: Screening for colon cancer can help detect the disease early when it is most treatable. Proctologists may recommend screening for colon cancer starting at age 50 for most people, and earlier for those at higher risk. At Lotus, our comprehensive health packages include tests for colon cancer markers.
Proctology plays a vital role in the diagnosis and treatment of proctological issues. Proctologists use a variety of techniques to diagnose and treat conditions related to the rectum, anus, and colon. Treatment options range from simple lifestyle changes to minimally invasive procedures and surgery. Many proctological issues can be prevented with simple lifestyle changes, such as eating a high-fiber diet, drinking plenty of water, and exercising regularly. If you are experiencing symptoms related to the rectum, anus, or colon, it is important to seek medical attention from a proctologist. Early detection and treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.