Gastroenterology at Lotus Diagnostic Centre
Gastroenterology is the branch of medicine concerning the gastrointestinal tract, including the stomach and intestines. Our gastroenterologist and Hepatologists have deep medical expertise and are known to be the best in the area. They adults and children understand what they need to do to keep their system healthy and avoid ailments of the Gastrointestinal Tract (GI).
GI ailments can manifest in multiple ways such as:
- Colon polyps, or small clusters of cells on the colon lining
- Cancer of the gut
- Liver disease
- Sores on the stomach lining and small intestine
- Inflammation of the large intestine or pancreas
- Gallbladder conditions
- Crohn’s disease
- Ulcerative colitis (inflammatory bowel disease, or IBD)
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Internal bleeding in the digestive system
- Celiac disease, an autoimmune disease that can harm the small intestine
Why Choose Lotus?
Lotus Diagnostic Centre has an expert panel of gastroenterologists with years of experience in the speciality. The clinic is equipped with its own diagnostic centre with state of art equipment. Our services include an in-house diagnostic lab, imaging services including X-rays, ultrasounds and consultations across 20+ specialities. Our patients experience seamless services while seeking consultation, getting tests or scans done and availing their treatment protocols.
Adults and children see this type of specialist for gut-related symptoms or diseases, such as:
- Trouble swallowing
- Yellowing of the skin
- Frequent diarrhoea
- Stomach pain
- Blood in their stool
- Often feeling sick to their stomach or throwing up
- Ongoing constipation
Based on your medical conditions, the Gastroenterologist in the OPD will conduct a thorough physical assessment to identify the causes of gastro-related health problems.
Common Conditions in Gastroenterology
Inflammation of liver is of many types. Hepatitis A, B, C are the most common types. Type A is a milder disease.
Type B and Type C are more serious and can lead to progressive liver damage, Cirrhosis, Liver failure and Cancer in some cases. Type A is spread through contaminated food and water. Type B spreads through unprotected sex, needle sharing, tattoos done with unsterilized needles, sharing tooth brushes, razors etc.
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver disease:
Non-acholic fatty liver disease is accumulation of fat in liver cells of people who drink little or no alcohol. Cause is unknown but risk factors are overweight, obese people, high cholesterol levels, insulin resistance, hyper glycemia (Type II Diabetes / Pre-Diabetes) Metabolic Syndrome to name a few.
This is the commonest chronic liver disease affecting nearly 20% of the people. This is of significance as some people can go on to develop a more serious form Non-Alcoholic Steato Hepatitis (NASH) which causes liver inflammation, Cirrhosis, ultimately liver failure.
Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that causes long-lasting inflammation and ulcers (sores) in your digestive tract. Ulcerative colitis affects the innermost lining of your large intestine (colon) and rectum. The symptoms take time to show up. If left unattended the diseases may proliferate into a life threatening complication. At this point in time the there is no cure but careful and accurate management of the diseases is seen to yield positive result, including issues going into remission in the long run.
Irritable bowel syndrome, or IBS, or spastic colon, is a type of gastrointestinal disorder. IBS symptoms and signs include:
- Abdominal pain
- Altered bowel habits
- Increased gas
- Bloating (distention)
- Food intolerance
The exact cause of irritable bowel syndrome is unknown and may be due to multiple factors.
Heartburn (Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease)
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or acid reflux as it is commonly called is a condition where the patient experiences a reflux of stomach contents into the oesophagus. It is commonly known as heartburn. Heartburn is a burning sensation in the chest radiating upward into the mouth, as a result of acid reflux into the oesophagus.
Acid reflux occurs when the sphincter muscle at the lower end of your oesophagus relaxes a t the wrong time, allowing stomach acid to back up into your oesophagus. One of the leading reasons for this could be hiatal hernia or infection in H.Pylori. It is best to consult a doctor if the symptoms persist
Our Gallbladder holds a digestive fluid called bile that is released into your small intestine. If liver excretes more cholesterol than our bile can dissolve, the excess cholesterol may form into crystals and eventually into stones. Gallstones are hardened deposits of digestive fluid that can form in your gallbladder.
Gallstones can be of many sized right from asmall grain to as large as a golf ball. Some people develop just one gallstone, while others develop many gallstones at the same time. People who experience symptoms from their gallstones like pain in the abdominal or urinary disorders (some stones descend into the urinary tract) usually require gallbladder removal surgery
Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes inflammation of your digestive tract, which can lead to abdominal pain, severe diarrhoea, fatigue, The inability to have regular intake of food leads to weight loss and malnutrition. Inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease can involve different areas of the digestive tract in different people.
The spread of the disease can be both painful and debilitating and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications. Therefore, consulting a specialist is advised. At the moment the best way to manage this disease is following a medical management protocol to keep the symptoms in remission or control.
The inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease often spreads deep into the layers of affected bowel tissue. Crohn’s disease can be both painful and debilitating, and sometimes may lead to life-threatening complications.
While there’s no known cure for Crohn’s disease, therapies can greatly reduce its signs and symptoms and even bring about long-term remission. With treatment, many people with Crohn’s disease are able to function well.
At Lotus, we offer a number of investigations for gastroenterology to detect and diagnose issues in the gastrointestinal system, including –
- Ultrasound & Doppler
- Specialised lab tests such as calprotectin, Stool occult blood, CEA and others
Vaccinations in the Speciality
- Hepatitis B
- Hepatitis A