Diabetology & Endocrinology
Endocrinology & Diabetology at Lotus Diagnostic Centre
The human body produces more than 50 hormones that regulate the growth and development, reproduction, metabolism, movement and other functions of the body. Endocrinology and Diabetology deals in hormone related problems and complications, and the glands that produce them.
Modern day sedentary lifestyles and ever-increasing stress are fuelling lifestyle diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Junk food and present-day lifestyles have a huge negative impact on our overall health. There are raising cases of Diabetes PCOD (polycystic ovary syndrome), thyroid disease, obesity, cholesterol, cardiac issues etc. At our Endocrinology and Diabetology OPD, the consultants advise patients on ways to modify these lifestyles to avoid disease at a later stage which could lead to severe disorders of the eyes, kidneys, blood vessels, heart and the nervous system.
Why Choose Lotus?
Lotus Diagnostic Centre has an expert panel of doctors with experienced diabetologists and endocrinologists. The clinic is equipped with its own diagnostic centre which has state of art equipments. Since we have in-house state of art diagnostic capabilities and imaging services which are housed under one roof, our patients avail seamless experience while seeking consultation, getting tests done and availing their treatment protocols.
Services in endocrinology OPD are:
- Diagnosis and treatment of Diabetes
- Hypo / hyperthyroidism
- Infertility – male / female caused by hormonal issues
- Cancer of endocrine glands
- Hormone Imbalances
- Metabolic diseases as abnormalities in Lipid profile
Comprehensive Care is provided for the diseases of all glands
When Should You Visit An Endocrinologist
Increased secretion of hormones may cause Cushing’s syndrome, High BP, Nervousness, increased sweating. Decreased secretion causes Addison’s Syndrome, Weight Loss, Anemia, Mineralocorticoid deficiency, Reduced energy levels.
Increased secretion of insulin by pancreas may cause low glucose levels. Decreased secretion of insulin by pancreas causes Type I Diabetes
Type I & II Diabetes
Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism. It indicates how well our body is able to or not able to process digested food for growth and energy. An important hormone called Insulin combines with another hormone named glucagon, to keep blood glucose levels within normal ranges.
Our body needs energy for its sustenance. This comes from the food we take in mostly in form of Glucose. For glucose to enter body cells insulin is required.
Diabetes is a condition that impairs the body’s ability to process plasma glucose. It is commonly known as blood sugar. It can occur when pancreas produces very little or no insulin or our body is not able to respond appropriately to available insulin.
There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes.
People with Type 1 don’t produce insulin. The warning signs of diabetes onset can be very mild that it may go unnoticed.
People with Type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin well. People with this issue later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin. The symptoms usually manifest itself quickly, in a matter of days or a few weeks.
Gestational Diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels become high during pregnancy. Women who develop gestational diabetes are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Hypoglycaemia is a condition in which the blood sugar (glucose) level is lower than normal. It is often related to diabetes treatment. However other drugs and a variety of conditions can cause low blood sugar in people who don’t have diabetes
Hyperglycaemia refers to high levels of sugaror glucose in the blood. It occurs when the body does not produce or use enough insulin, which is a hormone that helps in absorption of glucose into cells for use as energy. High blood sugar is a leading indicator of diabetes.
Affects calcium metabolism. Increased PTH hormone causes stones in the urinary tract, increased incidence fractures.
Decreased PTH levels are associated with involuntary cramps caused by low blood calcium levels.
T3 & T4 are the main hormones produced. TSH produced by the pituitary gland regulates its function.
Hyperthyroidism or excess production of hormones leads to faster metabolism, sweating, weight loss, irregular and faster heartbeat, nervousness, diarrhoea.
Decreased production of these hormones or hypothyroidism can cause weight gain, tiredness, depression, constipation, development delays in children, short stature may occur.
Hormones produced by this gland regulate other endocrine glands.Increased secretion may cause excessive growth.Under secretion of the hormones produced caused growth retardation.
Addison’s / Pituitary illness
When our adrenal glands don’t produce enough hormones such as cortisol and aldosterone, our body comes under stress as its ability to fight infection goes down.
The deficiency of cortisol can result in a life threatening Addisonian crisis characterised by low blood pressure. Symptoms tend to be non-specific and include fatigue, nausea, darkening of the skin and dizziness upon standing. Treatment involves taking hormones to replace those not produced by the adrenal glands.
Hormones produced by it modulate immunity. Increased activity causes autoimmune disorders. While underactivity leads to decreased ability in fighting all types of infections
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is commonest endocrine disorder in Women. Women may develop PCOS during child bearing age. It happens when reproductive hormones undergo disbalance leading to ovary disfunction. Polycystic means “multiple cysts.” Because of the presence of cysts, ovaries are not able to release eggs regularly. When the egg fails to get released, fluid builds up around the eggs, forming sacs called cysts. The disorder is named after this feature, but not all women diagnosed with PCOS will have cysts in their ovaries.
Symptoms of this disorder include irregular menstruation or periods. Correct and timely medical guidance which provides holistic approach using medication, exercise and fitness are found to be extremely useful in management and cure of this problem.